Safe driving is very important. It is needless to say that. I have had the experience of educating a number of individuals exactly how to drive. Some were youngsters, yet I have actually likewise instructed a few grownups exactly how to drive too. Allow’s just say that I am more than pleased to have “retired” from this method as mentor someone exactly how to drive can be taxing mentally along with physically. Still, not everybody has the funds to visit driving school or a readily available friend to help out. So, if you are just one of the “lucky” ones playing the duty of instructor, below are some tips to assist keep you sane and also your trainee listening.
Set A Schedule
Keeping teens on a timetable can be nearly impossible as they manage their active lives with after college programs, work, research, interacting socially, and so on, however it is something that you should do. Find a time that benefits the both of you and also head out no greater than one hour each time for your lessons. Oh, incidentally, make certain your vehicle driver in training has his/her motorist’s license on them in all times.
Maintain the very first lesson or more easy. Support in and out of the driveway and driving around the area initially are great begins. If you reside on a busy road, after that you need to drive the car to a less active area before enabling your student to take over. At the really starting, stay clear of driving on days when sidewalk is wet– handling water when traveling is a different lesson for the extra seasoned student.
An Excellent Start.
Thirty years after I first obtained my certificate, I keep in mind in my lessons being told that there were four points that a motorist should do prior to even beginning the auto: door, seat, seat belt, mirror. In other words: close as well as secure the doors, change the chauffeur’s seat for your personal settings, secure your seat belt, and adjust side and also rear sight mirrors. After that, placed the key in the ignition, start the vehicle, look all over, involve the transmission, and slowly step on the accelerator and also obtain moving.
As soon as your motorist has a good feel for the auto– no jackrabbit begins or difficult breaking observed– step points up and start practicing utilizing hand as well as directional signal, parallel parking, exactly how to bargain curbs as well as turns, and so on
After a number of lessons of driving locally and exercising risk-free chauffeur behaviors, it is time to take the trainee out onto a busy roadway. Maintain this lesson brief to allow the worried student time to adapt to driving in web traffic. A minimum of originally prevent rush hour website traffic, highways, and areas with extreme pedestrian website traffic. Make sure your student comprehends roadway indications, traffic signals, stopping/yielding, and the myriad of other rules of the road. Repeat lessons as required to help your trainee grow accustomed to driving in website traffic. Once your pupil develops their confidence, take them out on the freeway.
Research as well as Evaluation.
While behind the wheel lessons are exceptionally crucial, knowledge concerning driving laws as well as regulations are essential too. When driving later on, mention road signs and ask your student what they mean. Review the fines and points that can be examined by the Department of Electric Motor Cars for infractions. All of these things will be on their written examination.
Learning just how to drive on ice and also snow is essential to being a safe vehicle driver if you live in a more northerly climate. Even if your student finds out exactly how to drive and also safeguards their permit in warmer months, insist on coming back in the vehicle with them when wet fallen leaves, snow, and also ice get on the ground. Also ensure that your pupil comprehends exactly how alcohol can hinder judgment, just how a radio, cell phone, or various other guests can sidetrack them, and also exactly how to drive around pedestrians, bicyclists, mopeds, etc.
A crucial lesson in addition to real driving as well as preparing for the composed test is maintenance of the automobile. Your pupil needs to know with looking under the hood, inspecting fluid levels, hoses, belts, and so on. Also reveal your student just how to check tire pressure, do a visual check of directional signal, fronts lights, and all various other lights. Familiarization with the exhaust as well as suspension systems is essential also.
All set, Establish, Evaluate!
When you are particular that your student recognizes all the rules of the road, is exhibiting risk-free driving practices, and is a positive motorist after that take the examination. Do not allow a pending birthday or special occasion drive that decision as you want to create a safe motorist, not a negligent one.
Once your pupil has actually passed their test make sure that the details on their permit is appropriate, your vehicle’s enrollment is up to date, your insurance coverage has them covered, and the cars and truck that he will be driving is roadway ready prior to permitting him to drive by himself.
Bear in mind, driving is a benefit as well as not a right. Great driving practices are formed early, however so are bad habits. Nip any type of issues in the bud early to make certain the safety of your student and also everybody else that is out on our roads.
In US roads, there are more than 250 million cars. This incredible number also brings many problems with it. More cars on the road doesn’t necessarily mean more accidents or car collisions but it means we need to educate more people to avoid more injuries and deaths. Having said that, I did a list of 50 bad driving habits that have the potential to shorten your life
Top 50 Bad Driving Habits
According to World Health Organization, average road fatalities per 100.000 inhabitants per year is 17.4. US rank is 60th according to same statistics. This is a very big contradiction with United Nations Human Development Index. This index shows how well developed countries in terms of humanly living. In this list US is number 10.
Here is my list for 50 bad driving habits.
1. Talking on a Cell Phone
Image Courtersy: http://www.researchamerica.org
This is by far the very first reason of many fatalities in the roads. It is one of the main distraction reasons. According to a study released by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration  and the Virginia Tech Transportation Institute , when a driver loses attention just only for 3 seconds, it may lead a serious traffic accidents or near miss. This study shows that 80 percent of automobile accidents involve some kind of distraction that happens in just 3 seconds. Well, it might be boring when the traffic is jammed and you want to play with cell phone but choose one of them; live longer or talk longer?
2. Sending Text Messages
This is one of the other reasons of accidents on the roads. While texting may shift from SMS to WhatsApp and other similar internet based texting services with call and video option, the danger to use a mobile phone for texting didn’t change at all. Texting which is a major distraction factor may increase the risk of a car accident more than 23 times. The researchers also claims that sending text messages via your mobile phone may create a true crash epidemic if texting continues to grow in popularity. 
3. Trying to Reach a Moving Object
Many of us are familiar with similar scenes from Hollywood movies. While our antagonist or protagonist is trying to reach something in the glove-box, accidents happen. It is a very common reason for accidents that it became a movie cliche as well. For a safe drive, you must give the road your full attention. Drivers that divert their awareness risk the lives of the other drivers on the road.
4. Looking at an Object or Event Outside of the Vehicle
Well I think any of who reads this article may witness a similar incident while driving. There may be an ambulance near the road because of an accident and almost all drivers slow down to see the crash scene and this one moment may result car collisions. Even if you see an UFO flying over your car, keep your eyes on your steering wheel for safety. To be abducted by an alien might be safer than being dead.
5. Reading a Book or Newspaper
You may an avid read but do you need to read it while driving? Even the novel you are reading is the only one single copy in the world, is it worth to risk your life and others life on the road?
6. Eating While Driving
Everyone is busy these days. You have no time to eat your lunch and you have to catch up the next meeting on time so you choose to eat while driving. But do you know, eating while driving is also another major factor of distraction. That one moment when you leave the steering wheel to take an apple from your lunch-box may be your last moment. Be careful! Try to eat at your kitchen before you drive.
7. Applying Make Up
This scene is also very familiar to many of us. Especially when the traffic light is red, you can think of this short moment is a good opportunity to refresh your makeup. But this is also the moment that you close your eye-sight in front of you or something that prevents you seeing the traffic light. So applying make up also seems one of the important bad driving habits and major reason for distraction.
You’ve seen many drivers who ignore speed limit and sometimes go over 30 mph over the limit. Speed may kill and traveling above the speed limit is one of the common reasons for accidents. Your reaction time is directly related to your speed. If you go faster, your reactions become slower. It is one of the bad driving habits that has to change immediately. Speed limits were set as a result of scientific research made by traffic engineers. So try to avoid this bad driving habit because even if you exceed the speed limit just 10%, this may cause an accident in a wrong place.
9. Drunk Driving
Each year, thousands of car accidents with drunk drivers cause tragedy and grief, making it one of the top causes of automobile accidents. It is very obvious that when you drink, you’ll lose your sense of vision and hearing and also you’ll lose muscle coordination. This is a deadly combination for driving a car. In 2007 alone, about 13,000 wrongful deaths occurred in fatal car accidents with drunk drivers. The dark side of driving under influence is that most of the times he drunk driver survives, but tragically, innocent people are usually killed. Quit this very bad driving habit and also if possible quit drinking heavily and learn to drink responsibly.
10. Driving Under Influence of Drugs
Drug may mean many things. We are not only talking about illegal drugs here but some type of prescription medicine is also considered as drug such as depressants, stimulants, hallucinogens. Each drug affects the human brain in a distinctly different way. As we all know marijuana or similar drugs have highly addictive substance that impacts brain’s reaction time, coordination and judgment. Thus usage of these materials will cause accidents. Well while some form weed is not illegal in California, we only recommend you not to use this substance while driving. We are not living in 70’s when smoking while driving may seem funny as in Cheech and Chong movies.
11. Improper Turns
There are thousands of serious car accident every year that are caused by improper turning. This bad driving habit needs to be changed forever. Wrong turn may put a car directly in front of or into the path of an oncoming vehicle. A simple oversight of looking for the blind spots may prevent you making an accident. Improper turns is one of the major causes of car accidents and often leads to injuries or death.
Here is “Don’ts” of Turns:
Do not turn when there is a no turn on red sign.
Do not turn without a complete stop or without yielding.
Do not turn when there is red light that says “don’t turn”.
Do not forget to use your signals before turning
Do not turn having right of way.
12. Running Red Lights
Everyone knows that red means stop. If you don’t stop on red usually, you have a bad driving habit. Running on red is one of the cause of wrongful deaths because it is dangerous and often cause side impact damages to other cars at high speeds.
13. Running a Stop Sign
Stop signs are important part of traffic. You must completely make a full stop on stop signs. If you have a bad driving habit like not to stop on stop sign, you can be a real threat to other drivers or pedestrians. Also running a stop sign may cost you $238 as traffic ticket in California.
14. Unproper Lane Change
Another bad driving habit is not change lanes properly. Don’t rush to change the lane because there is always a good moment for it. If you don’t change lane safely or zigzagging with your car, you risk other driver’s life. For a proper and safe lane change, you should signal at least 100 feet before lane change, use your turn signal, check your blind spots and proceed carefully.
15. Wrong-Way Driving
Well this is not only a bad driving habit, it is also a lethal game that you don’t want to play. You can mistakenly turn to a street and may pose a big threat other driver’s life. So be careful and check “wrong way” signs always. If you are not a stunt or in a movie, never drive in wrong way.
You may be an impatient driver or in a hurry but this doesn’t give you the right to tailgate to other drivers. What if the driver in front of you breaks suddenly or panics when there is a tailgated car behind his or her car. Remember the 3 seconds rule and always leave at least 3 seconds driving distance between you and the car in front of you. This bad driving habit was a cause of 22 deaths only in 204.
Some people call them dead man’s curves, but everyone should be careful when approaching a curve. It is easy to lose control of the vehicle along a dangerous curve and this may be deadly. If you have a bad driving habit like speeding up when you approach curves, quit it immediately. Drive cautiously and be safe, you are not in an F-1 race.
19. Street racing
Street race! Come on, this is not a Fast and Furious movie. This is real life and there are no turbo engines, nitros and other fancy gadgets. if you want to die young with a handsome simple, it is up to you. Otherwise avoid this bad driving habit and avoid danger. You can easily risk your life and other people’s life just because of your street racing fantasy.
20. Suddenly braking
This may seem odd but sudden breaks may cause car accidents. This bad driving habit is not only one of the causes of accidents but it is also a bad habit to harm your car’s brakes.
21. Driving without headlights
If you are not a secret spy and have a meaningful reason to hide yourself, don’t turn off your headlights or if they are broken, get them fixed immediately.
22. Accelerating on yellow light
Some drivers may be really impatient and they don’t give enough attention to the traffic lights. There is an order while the traffic lights are working. If it is red and yellow together, this means green light is coming afterwards. But if it is only yellow, this means it is going to turn red, not to green. So when you see a yellow light, you have to slow down. If you accelerate, this means you have a bad driving habit that may cause to tragic accidents which may lead casualties.
23. Parking to wrong spaces
Parking to non-parking areas may not be deadly but it is certainly a bad driving habit. When you park your car to a non-parking zone, it may prevent the traffic flow and may cause other drivers involve in car collisions.
24. Road rage
If you are in unpleasant situation with another driver, it is easy to get angry. But anger brings nothing than harm. By tailgating another driver in anger or speeding past another driver only to pull in front of them and brake, these bad driving habits cause too man car accidents each year. If you can’t keep your calm at traffic, better see a doctor instead of racing and quit this bad driving habit.
25. Driving without a seat belt
This may not be so common in California but in other areas of US may be also in California, millions of drivers use their cars without a seat belt buckled up. The most reliable method of saving lives and preventing injuries from occurring is to wear a seat belt. Here are some facts that encourage to wear a seat belt while driving.
Seat belts can reduce injury and death rates by 50%
Adults aged 18-34 are less likely to wear seat belts than those 35 or older
Men are 10% less likely to wear seat belts than women
58% of teen drivers killed in crashes were not wearing a seat belt in 2011.
Teens have the lowest seat belt use of any other age group
26. Ignoring child passenger safety
This bad driving habit is one of the top reasons of child death in car accidents. In 2015 only, 1,346 children under age 15 were killed in motor vehicle crashes. That’s more than three children every day. Properly securing children in safety seats goes a long way in keeping them safer.
A reminder: Child Passenger Safety Week is Sept. 23-29, 2018
27. Ignoring Traffic Signs
Do you blow through stop signs or fail to yield when it’s required of you? Those signs are there for a reason, and even if no one’s around, you should obey them. You never know when a car or pedestrian might come out of nowhere, or even a cop!
28. Not Checking Blind Spots
Blind spots are implicitly dangerous, but not even trying to check them is more dangerous. Drivers who have a bad driving habit may not have a tendency to start moving over into other lanes and nearly colliding with other cars. This may be a reason for anxiety and distraction, Quit this bad driving habit and check your mirrors before changing lanes, and don’t forget to check blind spots with moving your head right or left. 
29. Merging improperly
How many times have you been on a freeway on-ramp and found yourself behind someone who doesn’t understand how to merge? These slow drivers not only slow the flow of traffic, but also they put others in danger. There are also some drivers who are in a hurry. They act as if they are in a racing and try to put themselves in front of other cars. This is also wrong and a bad driving habit.
30. Not using turn signals
Believe me there is a reason why car makers invent turn signals. If you don’t tell other people where you’re going, how can you expect them to know? Changing lanes or turning without signaling throws others off, and it could put you in harm’s way. If you don’t turn on your signal while slowing down, other cars behind you get caught off guard.
31. Cutting other cars off
You may be in a hurry but believe me, everyone in California is in hurry. So cutting other cars off is not a solution to make you arrive early to your destination. Cutting off is a dangerous and bad driving habit. When you jump in front of another car, you increase the risk of being hit from behind because maybe the other driver is not paying attention. Don’t put yourself in this situation! What a bad driving habit!
32. Driving with headphones on
Listening to music on your car radio can be distracting enough. If this is not enough for distraction, you can wear your headphones. But doing so, you make it impossible for yourself to hear important noises like horns, alarms or emergency vehicle sirens. This is not only a bad driving habit but also it is illegal in most states.
Bad Driving Habits that may damage your car
So far we reviewed bad driving habits that may cause direct impact to your life or other people’s lives. But there are other bad driving habits which have a bad impact on your car’s health. So if you car is healthy, then this means you’ll be healthier and you’ll be able to avoid nasty situations while driving. 
33. Resting your hand on the shifter
Unless you’re actively changing gears, there’s no reason to touch the shifter. Resting your hand on the shifter places weight on the transmission’s bushings and synchronizers, causing internal wear. Keeping both hands on the steering wheel, and only taking one off to switch gears, is the best idea. This is bad driving habit that can damage your car.
34. Not using the parking break
Neglecting to use the parking brake forces the entire weight of your vehicle to rest on the parking pawl, which is one little piece of metal within the transmission. Doing this could cause the parking pawl to eventually wear out and break, making “P” on your shifter effectively useless. Use the parking brake every time – there’s really no reason not to. You can get rid of this bad driving habit.
35. Hauling unneeded weight
You may not drive a Lotus, but the phrase “simplify, and add lightness” applies to every car. We’re not advocating stripping out sound deadening or removing the back seats, but you should clear out unneeded cargo from your car. Every pound of extra weight impacts fuel economy and handling, plus causes extra stress on suspension, brake, and drive-train components. Give your interior and trunk a thorough clean so you’re only carrying the essentials.
36. Keeping small amount fuel on tank
Sometimes the cost of a full tank of gas doesn’t fit into your budget, so you only add a gallon or two at a time. Most drivers don’t know that this can lead to costly repairs further down the road. Modern fuel pumps are cooled by being submerged in fuel, so driving with only a small amount of fuel causes it to heat up and wear out more quickly. Keeping your gas tank at least a quarter full helps prevent this.
37. Hard starts and stops
This one’s a no-brainer. Mashing on the gas can be fun, but uses significantly more fuel than gradually applying throttle. Sudden stops are sometimes necessary, but cause faster wear to the brake pads and rotors. Looking ahead, planning ahead, and pressing on the pedals smoothly is the best strategy. So always try to avoid this bad driving habit.
38. Revving the Engine When It’s Cold
It’s not a bad idea to let the engine idle for a minute or two after a cold start. This helps it warm up and gives the oil some time to circulate. However, you should resist the urge to rev the engine when it’s cold. Sure, the exhaust sounds great, but revving it when it’s cold causes abrupt temperature changes that can damage components. It also causes undue wear on parts of the engine that haven’t been lubricated by thorough oil circulation. Your engine will sound better, and rev more smoothly, once it’s had a chance to warm up.
39. Riding the Clutch
You’re at a stop light in your manual transmission car. You’re pressing on the clutch, ready to drop it as soon as the light turns green. All that time spent waiting with the clutch in damages the pressure plate, release bearing, and release arm. Riding the clutch causes its surfaces graze against each other, wearing them down and opening the possibility for sudden failure. It’s better to be stopped with the clutch out and shifter in neutral, only pressing the clutch and engaging gear when the light turns green.
40. Switching From Reverse to Drive Before Stopping Completely
When you’re trying to fit into a tight parking spot, it’s common to shift from reverse to drive while still slowly rolling backwards. This habit should be avoided at all costs. Doing so places strain on the drive train when it’s suddenly forced to move in the opposite direction. Simply take that extra moment to make sure you’re completely stopped before switching from reverse to drive.
41. Dragging the Brakes Downhill
Driving down a steep hill can be daunting, so you rest your foot on the brake pedal to be ready to slow down at a moment’s notice. This causes strain and heat to build up in the brake system, wearing out components like brake pads and rotors. Instead, you should shift into a lower gear when you’re driving downhill. This will cause engine braking, which helps slow the car down through natural drivetrain decompression. You’ll find that engine braking can be as effective as regular braking in maintaining your downhill speed.
42. Ignoring Warning Signs of Your car
It’s easy to ignore those little squeaks, intermittent rattles, or other unusual noises your car makes. Those sounds are warning signs that something’s wearing out or about to go wrong. Don’t wait to find out the cause of the noise, or it may make itself abundantly clear at the worst possible time. If your car is making strange sounds or giving you other warning signs, it’s important to inspect the issue right away.
Here are some bonus facts about bad driving habits
43. Driving too fast for the weather conditions
When the weather gets bad, slowing down is the best way to avoid an accident. This goes back to that physics thing. Unfortunately, not everyone gets that. All-wheel drive isn’t an excuse for driving fast in inclement weather. When the road surface is slippery, a 3,500- to 5,000-pound vehicle will probably skid if you need to slow down in a hurry. According to the Federal Highway Administration, 24 percent of all vehicle crashes are weather related. That’s a good reason to slow down and leave a little space between your car and the one in front. 
44. Drafting tractor trailers
Following closely behind a tractor trailer can increase your fuel economy. That doesn’t mean you should do it. Drafting works for NASCAR drivers, so it makes sense that a 4,000-pound car can “hide” in the low pressure zone behind a 13-foot-tall, 80,000-pound big rig. Back in 2007, the MythBusters even proved that it worked. But they also pointed out that following closer than 150 feet behind a truck is really dangerous. Even that distance gives a driver less than two seconds to react if the trucker suddenly slams on the brakes. Other things to consider are that truck drivers can’t see what’s directly behind them, and the relationship between trailer heights and car hood heights is a recipe for decapitation. 
45. Failure to yield the right of way
One of the leading causes of accidents, hands down, is failure to yield the right of way. The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety says that it’s the top cause of accidents among drivers aged 70 and older, particularly on freeway merge ramps. In Uncommon Carriers, his book about long haul truckers, John McPhee points out that space cadets in the merge lane are a constant source of teeth-grinding anxiety for the people driving 80,000-pound big rigs. Another facet of failure to yield that’s more prevalent in cities is running stop signs and red lights. Drivers coming from other directions expect the intersection to be clear when the light on their end turns green. Once again, predictability is good.
46. Disregarding the speed limit
Though posted speed limits vary by state, use the following ranges as a general guide if you don’t see a posted limit:
Residential area: 15-30 mph
Undivided road (rural): 40-55 mph
Divided road (rural): 55-70 mph
Freeway: 55-65 mph
These last 4 bad driving habits are unique to California.
So if you want to add more to my list; feel free to contact me.
47. The California Cut
You’ll see this lethal maneuver every time you drive on the freeway: what happens is that someone realizes that the next freeway exit is theirs, and that they’re way over in the fast lane, with less than one hundred meters to the exit, or they’re just tired of driving in the rightmost lane and decide to get into the fast lane several lanes over.  The usual solution is the “California Cut” — a multi-lane cut across the traffic, making a beeline for the exit or the fast lane, cutting an oblivious swath through fast moving traffic. This causes (at best) screeched tires, heart-stopping swerves, and traffic problems for everyone around the lane-cutter. Why couldn’t they wait for the next exit? Who knows?
48. Assault stereos
If you’re new to America you might be astonished by the common use of violently loud car sound systems in urban and suburban areas. These things can shake other cars from across the road, and closing the windows won’t make the noise go away. Assault stereos are easily audible whole city blocks from the source; many Death Cars have assault stereos. When a car equipped with an assault stereo comes up behind or beside you, there’s little you can do but try to let it get well in front of you, and hope you don’t end up behind or beside it at the next lights.
49. Death Cars
Death cars are large, usually old and battered, American cars driven by young males, sometimes sub-teenage, nearly always unlicensed or uninsured, who have nothing to lose by causing traffic havoc or accidents. You develop a sixth sense for death cars after a while, but as with most of these things, there’s not a lot you can do when one’s coming at you on the wrong side of the road at forty miles an hour. Your best bet is to avoid known Death Car areas and steer clear of any large old American cars, especially ones weaving along the road at high speed. Death Cars are guaranteed not to stay around if they cause or are part of an accident. Death Car drivers are likely to be armed; it’s best not to argue with them.
50. Self-righteous or clueless cyclists and skaters
Places like Berkeley, Santa Monica, San Francisco, Oakland, Venice in L.A. or Palo Alto have a high proportion of people who suddenly become transformed by the act of riding a bicycle or skateboard. Mostly the transformation is fairly harmless, but in quite a few cases the person becomes either unbearably self-righteous, or under the impression they’re invulnerable. Typical symptoms of this are cyclists and boarders monopolizing entire traffic lanes in heavy fast-moving traffic or running red lights or stop signs without even slowing down then abusing you for not screeching to a halt for them when they run the red light directly in front of you.
Everyday in the roads, tons of collisions, car crashes, accidents happen. There are many reasons of these accidents but one of them is on top of the agenda. It is called “Human error”. That is why “Defensive Driving” is crucial. As we humans, often neglect to rules, ignore laws and other drivers and do not improve ourselves to be better drivers.
Interesting fact about Defensive Driving
Recently a survey made by UK based newspaper Telegraph. Results are not surprising maybe but can explain why human error is a big factor in traffic accidents. According to the Survey; % 79 of people claim to be safe drivers and ascertain that they do their best to follow all rules of the road. But no matter how confident you are in your driving skills, you’re never far from risk.
So here is a simple test to understand whether you are really good at defensive driving or not. If you say yes to all of those questions below, you can consider yourself as a defensive driver.
Do you trust other drivers too much?
There is saying “Never trust anyone, even this person is your father.” I don’t know who said this first but it has some truth in it, especially when it comes to traffic. One of the common mistakes that drivers do is to trust other drivers. . This leads to one of the most common mistakes drivers tend to make. For example, if the other driver flashes with their headlamps at you and implying that the road is safe to proceed, you shouldn’t trust this signal. Because you never know what does this mean actually. It may mean “I am here” or “^Come on through”. So better be cautious!
Are you observing your surroundings?
Your answer should be a strong “YES”. Defensive driving is all about being observant, anticipating problems and planning ahead. It is not only checking your side mirrors, it is expecting something bad may happen at the road.
Are you aware of indicators
Just because the car in front of you is indicating left, doesn’t mean it will actually turn. Or while you are driving in the fog, you can’t trust the car in front of you because the driver has the same limited view like you. Wait and see whether the driver will make a left turn or just stop.
Do you create a safety bubble for defensive driving?
For a good defensive driving, you should always keep enough space for surprises, so that you can easily make your move when the accidents come to you. Always remember that however hard you are concentrating on the road, the person coming towards you might be messing with their phone, fiddling with the car stereo or just generally distracted. You can never be sure they’re going to do the right or safest thing.
Are you pulling over in case of doubt?
Never compare yourself to other drivers. This also means never race with others. Someone behind you may drive like a formula 1 driver. This means he is either a maniac or a real formula 1 driver. So it is better to play it safe and avoid putting yourself in a dangerous position.
Are you tailgating?
The simple answer for a good defensive driving; DON’T TAILGATE. To be patient while driving may extend your lifespan. So when you tailgate, you are taking many risks including a fatal injury.
For some of us, driving is just going from point A to point B. But for others, it is a pleasure. If you heard the term “Defensive Driving” for the first time, read this article carefully. If you know it, then it is a good opportunity to check what you have learnt so far.
28 tips for Defensive Driving
You can’t control the road conditions, you can’t control the weather. But it is up to you to control your vehicle. Defensive Driving lets you do that. Here are most common 28 tips for “Defensive Driving“:
1. Stay focused always
Distraction is your enemy and the 101 of safe driving starts with focusing. You always have to pay attention the road and your vehicle. A research says that most collisions happen because of distraction. Drivers under 20 are the most prone to distractions.
2. Always buckle up
Seat belts reduce risk of injury in a crash by 50 percent. I don’t say it but National Safety Council says. If you drive very very slowly, it doesn’t matter, buckle up. If you are just waiting in the car and waiting for someone, just buckle up. Buckling up will not kill you but not to buckle up may. Between 2004 and 2008, 75,000 lives were saved by seat belts. This is an incredible number.
3. Every driver is not a good driver
You may be a perfect driver with zero penalty points on your driver license. But keep in mind that not every driver is a good driver. So don’t count on other drivers and expect them to make mistakes.
4. Don’t drive too fast
Speed is fatal, lethal and it is your enemy. Speed may increase your adrenaline level but at the same time it reduces your chance of living a healthy and long life. According to US Census, 33 thousand fatalities reported due to speeding in 2009. Another research says that if you drive faster than average, it only gives you maximum 5 minutes advantage to reach your destination. Do you think is it worth to die for 5 minutes?
5. Use safety devices
Recent cars have more safety instruments. New technologies may save your and your kids’ life. Large airbags, booster seats etc. Invest in the right child restraints and seat belt adjusters for your family, and don’t forget to use them.
6. Doubt is not your friend
Rule is simple, if you have doubt, just yield to other driver. If you know you have the right of way, but another motorist seems to disagree, give in. Better to lose a bit of time than to get caught in a collision.
7. Stop! on Red
Most intersection collisions happen because of red light. Of course it is you who are responsible not the red light. There may be some glare from setting sun or you may be in a hurry. The best practice is to slow down before each intersection, and evaluate the situation. Never try to race the yellow light.
8. Always signal in advance
Confusion is the enemy of safe driving. Make your lane changes and turns predictable and smooth, and always signal in advance. “Nationwide, neglected or improper turn signals cause 2 million car accidents a year,” says Richard Ponziani, who conducted a recent study for the Society of Automotive Engineers. Failure to signal can invalidate your insurance claim after an accident, which means you will be financially responsible for any damage caused.
9. If you are not Mad Max, forget Road Rage
Road rage is not just an urban myth. Since you don’t know who might be behind the wheel of that vehicle that just cut you off, it’s safest to back away and overlook the offense. Road rage has led to murder over trivial offenses in all 50 states. Getting even could get you killed, not to mention the innocent drivers in your vicinity. If you suspect that another driver may be drunk, stay away, and alert the authorities as soon as it is safe to do so.
10. Do not tailgate
Tailgating leads to rear-end collisions, and you will be the one to foot the bill for the repairs. 1/3 of all traffic accidents are caused by tailgating, and could be prevented with proper distance. Allow at least two or three seconds of lead time in good weather, more in bad weather.
11. Monitor your blind spots
This is especially true of large vehicles, such as tractor-trailers. The rule of thumb for Defensive Driving is that if you can’t see the driver in the truck mirror, he can’t see you either. Accidents involving semi- trucks often prove fatal for the driver of a car.
12. Never drive drunk
Even an over-the-counter cold medication can alter your response times, so assess yourself honestly before deciding to drive. The average drinker can only metabolize one drink per hour. One drink equates to 12 ounces of beer, or 5 ounces of wine, or 1.5 ounces of distilled spirits. If you are under the influence of any mind-altering substance, stay away from the wheel. Everyday 28 people die daily in the U.S. from drunk driving accidents.
13. Be cautious if it rains
When the roads are slippery, especially in a heavy downpour or the first thirty minutes of a storm, your braking times increase. Turn off cruise control. Add extra space between your vehicle and other vehicles. Slow down as much as is feasible. Learn to detect and react properly to hydroplaning.
14. Prepare for snowy weather
Slow down, and use snow chains if you see snow accumulating on the highway, but do not use chains on ice. If you live in an area where snow and ice are common, invest in winter snow tires. Always turn off your cruise control if you suspect ice may be present.
15. Inflate your tires appropriately
Properly inflated tires make for safer handling, and blowouts can cause an instant loss of control. So inflate your tires appropriately, and change them when they are worn if you want to be good at Defensive Driving.
16. Use your headlights wisely
Anytime visibility is impaired on winding roads, during fog, rain, snow, or low light, make sure you can be seen by turning on your headlights. Only use your high beams in low-traffic areas, and turn them down for oncoming drivers.
17. Maintain your vehicle
Regular oil changes and fluid checks can save you from surprise breakdowns on the road. If your car becomes disabled on a busy highway or interstate, the National Safety Council recommends that you try to pull over in the breakdown lane, if possible. Remember to use your turn signals, and watch for fast-moving cars. If you have parked a comfortable distance from traffic, lock the doors and wait for help. You are close to traffic! Then exit the vehicle, and find a safe place to stand, away from the side and rear of the car. If you cannot reach the breakdown lane, and your car is stopped in traffic, leave the vehicle as soon as it is safe to do so, and wait for help in a secure location on the side of the road.
18. Respond safely to tailgaters
If someone is following too closely, add twice as much space between your car and the car in front of yours. This increases your ability to see and prepare for a collision. Then carefully and gradually decrease your speed to slightly below the speed of surrounding traffic, and try to move into a right hand lane, to let the tailgater pass. Do not hit the brakes suddenly, unless you are forced to do so to avoid a collision.
19. Keep a steady pace
Sudden increases and decreases in speed, unexpected lane changes, and unpredictable stops make it hard for other drivers to anticipate your actions. Be predictable and avoid surprising anyone around you.
20. Look far ahead of your vehicle
Keep your eyes far down the road, and expect problems before you come to them. Look for erratic drivers, slow traffic, intersections, and highway debris.
21. Take a defensive driving course
Many defensive driving classes are available online and in your area. This can make a great gift for a young family member, or you can use it as a preventive exercise for yourself.
22. Carry emergency equipment
Carry emergency equipment. – a jack, spare tire , flashlight, first aid kit, flares. You never know what you’ll need in case of emergency and do not think that “it ain’t happen to you”.
23. Lock your vehicle
To be a good Defensive Driver, you should at least have one car. So always lock your vehicle and take your keys with you when you leave it.
24. Be extra careful near schools
Streets near schools often have reduced speed limits during school hours. Speed limit is 15 mph instead of 25 mph that are designated by signs with flashing lights. Though this limit may seem excessively low when you do not see any children, small kids can hide easily or make sudden movements.
25. Inspect your vehicle before ride
It’s important to inspect a vehicle, whether it’s a company truck or your own car, before hitting the road. If a driver notices an under-inflated tire or an oil patch before heading out, it can save time and annoyance and possibly prevent an accident.
26. If you are sleepy, don’t drive
You want to reach your destination as soon as possible but if your eyes give emergency alert, do not insist driving. Just pull over your car and take a quick nap at least 20 minutes. Being late is better than being dead.
27. Don’t use handheld devices while driving
It is illegal in most states using handheld devices while driving. Many modern cars have advanced Bluetooth systems that allow for hands free speech. You can adjust your car before hitting the road. Also don’t text while driving.
28. Consider your physical condition before driving
A driver’s physical well-being is also important because hearing, vision, and fatigue can all affect your
driving ability. So it’s important to take stock of these factors before driving: Have you got your glasses with you? Did you have breakfast this morning? Did you get enough sleep?
Conclusion: Defensive Driving is a life saver technique for you, your loved ones and other people on the traffic. If you want to learn more advanced tactics, you can take a daily course and you can learn some advanced methods just like race drivers do.